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2023.06.26 by 由布茶寮

What Is a Marriage Contract Called in Islam

In Islam, a marriage contract is known as “Nikah.” It is a vital aspect of Islamic marriage and is considered a sacred bond between the husband and wife. Nikah serves as a legal contract between the two parties involved, detailing the rights and obligations of each spouse.

The Nikah contract is traditionally signed in the presence of two Muslim witnesses and is conducted by an Islamic scholar, who is known as the “Qadi.” The Nikah ceremony involves several important steps, including the “Ijab,” where the groom accepts the proposal, and the “Qubul,” where the bride accepts the proposal.

The Nikah contract contains several essential clauses, such as the “Mahr,” which is a compulsory gift given by the groom to the bride. The Mahr serves as a symbol of the groom`s commitment to providing for his wife and is typically agreed upon before the Nikah ceremony.

Another essential clause included in the Nikah contract is the “Talaq,” which outlines the rules for divorce. The Islamic law allows a husband to divorce his wife, provided he follows specific guidelines, such as waiting for a certain period to pass before finalizing the divorce.

In addition to the clauses mentioned above, the Nikah contract also mentions the rights and responsibilities of the husband and wife, financial arrangements, distribution of assets in case of divorce or death, and the child custody rights.

It is worth noting that while the Nikah contract is a legal document, it also bears significant religious importance. It serves as a commitment to uphold the values, morals, and laws prescribed by Islam and is essential for ensuring a successful and happy marriage.

In conclusion, the Nikah contract is a crucial aspect of Islamic marriage that highlights the importance of commitment, responsibility, and mutual respect between the husband and wife. It is a binding contract that serves as a foundation for the marriage and is designed to protect the rights and interests of both spouses.

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